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 what's Ramadan très belle!!!

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
~> lamrisif <~
عدد المساهمات : 573
نقاط : 1743
تاريخ الميلاد : 11/09/1993
العمر : 23
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضوhttp://www.seyf-educ.com/
موضوع: what's Ramadan très belle!!! 2011-08-05, 08:23

Contents


1- Introduction



2- Definition of Siyaam (fasting)



3- Ruling on fasting



4- The virtues of fasting



5- The benefits of fasting











1- Introduction




Praise be to Allaah, we praise Him and seek His help and
forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allaah from the evil of our own selves
and from our evil deeds. Whomsoever Allaah guides cannot be misled, and
whomsoever He leaves astray cannot be guided. I bear witness that
there is no god except Allaah alone, with no partner or associate, and I
bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.




Allaah has blessed His slaves with certain seasons of goodness,
in which hasanaat (rewards for good deeds) are multiplied, sayi’aat
(bad deeds) are forgiven, people’s status is raised, the hearts of the
believers turn to their Master, those who purify themselves attain
success and those who corrupt themselves fail.
Allaah has created His slaves to worship Him, as He says
(interpretation of the meaning): “And I (Allaah) created not the jinns
and humans except that they should worship Me (Alone).” [al-Dhaariyaat
51:56]




One of the greatest acts of worship is fasting, which Allaah has made
obligatory on His slaves, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):




“… Observing al-sawm (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was
prescribed for those before you, that you may become al-muttaqoon (the
pious).” [al-Baqarah 2:183]



Allaah encourages His slaves to fast:



“… And that you fast, it is better for you, if only you know.” [al-Baqarah 2:184 – interpretation of the meaning]



He guides them to give thanks to Him for having made fasting obligatory on them:




“… that you should magnify Allaah for having guided you so that you may
be grateful to Him.” [al-Baqarah 2:185 – interpretation of the
meaning]




He has made fasting dear to them, and has made it easy so that people
do not find it too hard to give up their habits and what they are used
to. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):



“… for a fixed number of days…” [al-Baqarah 2:184]



He has mercy on them and keeps them away from difficulties and harm, as He says (interpretation of the meaning:



“… but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days…” [al-Baqarah 2:184]




No wonder then, that in this month the hearts of the believers turn to
their Most Merciful Lord, fearing their Lord above them, and hoping to
attain His reward and the great victory (Paradise).




As the status of this act of worship is so high, it is essential to
learn the ahkaam (rulings) that have to do with the month of fasting so
that the Muslim will know what is obligatory, in order to do it, what
is haraam, in order to avoid it, and what is permissible, so that he
need not subject himself to hardship by depriving himself of it.




This book is a summary of the rulings, etiquette and Sunnah of fasting.
May Allaah make it of benefit to myself and my Muslim brothers. Praise
be to Allaah, Lord of the Worlds.



2- Definition of Siyaam (fasting)




(1) Siyaam in Arabic means abstaining; in Islam it means abstaining
from things that break the fast, from dawn until sunset, having first
made the intention (niyyah) to fast.


3-Ruling on fasting




(2) The ummah is agreed that fasting the month of Ramadaan is
obligatory, the evidence for which is in the Qur’aan and Sunnah. Allaah
says (interpretation of the meaning):



O
you who believe! Observing al-sawn (the fasting) is prescribed for you
as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become
al-muttaqoon (the pious).” [al-Baqarah 2:183]




The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Islam is
built on five [pillars]…” among which he mentioned fasting in
Ramadaan. (Reported by al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, 1/49). Whoever breaks the
fast during Ramadaan without a legitimate excuse has committed a
serious major sin, The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said, describing a dream that he had seen: “… until I was at the
mountain, where I heard loud voices. I asked, ‘What are these voices?’
They said, ‘This is the howling of the people of Hellfire.’ Then I was
taken [to another place], and I saw people hanging from their
hamstrings, with the corners of their mouths torn and dripping with
blood. I said, ‘Who are these?’ They said, ‘The people who broke their
fast before it was the proper time to do so,’ i.e., before the time of
iftaar.” (Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/420).




Al-Haafiz al-Dhahabi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, “Among the
believers it is well-established that whoever does not fast in Ramadaan
without a valid excuse is worse than an adulterer or drunkard; they
doubt whether he is even a Muslim at all, and they regard him as a
heretic and profligate.” Shaykh al-Islam [Ibn Taymiyah] (may Allaah have
mercy on him) said: “If a person does not fast in Ramadaan knowing
that it is haraam but making it halaal for himself to do so, kill him;
and if he does it because he is immoral [but believes it is haraam],
then punish him for not fasting.” (Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 25/265).




4-The virtues of fasting :




(3) The virtues of fasting are great indeed, and one of the
things reported in the saheeh ahaadeeth is that Allaah has chosen
fasting for Himself, and He will reward it and multiply the reward
without measure, as He says [in the hadeeth qudsi]: “Except for fasting
which is only for My sake, and I will reward him for it.”
(al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, no. 1904; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/407). Fasting
has no equal (al-Nisaa'i, 4/165; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/413), and the
du’aa’ of the fasting person will not be refused (reported by
al-Bayhaqi, 3/345; al-Silsilat al-Saheeh, 1797). The fasting person has
two moments of joy: one when he breaks his fast and one when he meets
his Lord and rejoices over his fasting (reported by Muslim, 2/807).
Fasting will intercede for a person on the Day of Judgement, and will
say, “O Lord, I prevented him from his food and physical desires during
the day, so let me intercede for him.” (Reported by Ahmad, 2/174.
Al-Haythami classed its isnaad as hasan in al-Majma’, 3/181. See also
Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/411). The smell that comes from the mouth of a
fasting person is better with Allaah than the scent of musk. (Muslim,
2/807). Fasting is a protection and a strong fortress that keeps a
person safe from the Fire. (Reported by Ahmad, 2/402; Saheeh
al-Targheeb, 1/411; Saheeh al-Jaami’, 3880). Whoever fasts one day for
the sake of Allaah, Allaah will remove his face seventy years’ distance
from the Fire. (Reported by Muslim, 2/808). Whoever fasts one day
seeking the pleasure of Allaah, if that is the last day of his life, he
will enter Paradise. (Reported by Ahmad, 5/391; Saheeh al-Targheeb,
1/412). In Paradise there is a gate called al-Rayyaan, through those
who fast will enter, and no one will enter it except them; when they
have entered it will be locked, and no-one else will enter through it.”
(al-Bukhaari, Fath, no. 1797).




Ramadaan is a pillar of Islam; the Qur’aan was revealed in this month,
and in it there is a night that is better than a thousand months. “When
Ramadaan begins, the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of
Hell are closed, and the devils are put in chains.” (Reported by
al-Bukhaari, al-Fath, no. 3277). Fasting Ramadaan is equivalent to
fasting ten months (See Musnad Ahmad, 5/280; Saheeh al-Targheeb,
1/421). “Whoever fasts Ramadaan out of faith and with the hope of
reward, all his previous sins will be forgiven.” (Reported by
al-Bukhaari, Fath, no. 37). At the breaking of every fast, Allaah will
choose people to free from Hellfire. (Reported by Ahmad, 5/256; Saheeh
al-Targheeb, 1/419).




5- the benefits of fasting




(4) There is much wisdom and many benefits in fasting, which have to do
with the taqwa mentioned by Allaah in the aayah (interpretation of the
meaning):



“… that you may become al-muttaqoon (the pious).” [al-Baqarah 2:183]




The interpretation of this is that if a person refrains from halaal
things hoping to earn the pleasure of Allaah and out of fear of His
punishment, it will be easier for him to refrain from doing haraam
things.




If a person’s stomach is hungry, this will keep many of his other
faculties from feeling hunger or desires; but if his stomach is
satisfied, his tongue, eye, hand and private parts will start to feel
hungry. Fasting leads to the defeat of Shaytaan; it controls desires and
protects one’s faculties.




When the fasting person feels the pangs of hunger, he experiences how
the poor feel, so he has compassion towards them and gives them
something to ward off their hunger. Hearing about them is not the same
as sharing their suffering, just as a rider does not understand the
hardship of walking unless he gets down and walks.




Fasting trains the will to avoid desires and keep away from sin; it
helps a person to overcome his own nature and to wean himself away from
his habits. It also trains a person to get used to being organized and
punctual, which will solve the problem that many people have of being
disorganized, if only they realized.



Fasting is also a demonstration of the unity of the Muslims, as the ummah fasts and breaks its fast at the same time.




Fasting also provides a great opportunity for those who are calling
others to Allaah. In this month many people come to the mosque who are
coming for the first time, or who have not been to the mosque for a long
time, and their hearts are open, so we must make the most of this
opportunity by preaching in a gentle manner, teaching appropriate
lessons and speaking beneficial words, whilst co-operating in
righteousness and good deeds. The dai’yah should not be so preoccupied
with others that he forgets his own soul and becomes like a wick that
lights the way for others while it is itself consumed.



from:Book by Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid








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what's Ramadan très belle!!!

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